What does the Bible say about women teachers? 1 Timothy 2:11-15
scripture is used by some Christians to forbid women to have teaching positions in the body of Christ we see another position by examining this doctrine closer.
1 Timothy 2:11-15
Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection.
But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. For Adam was first formed, then Eve.And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.
This verse seems to be saying that allowing women to teach men would be giving them “authority over a man” but on closer examination we can see something else entirely.
The Greek word authenteo for authority occurs in this verse but no nowhere else in the New Testament. While the word authenteo has been translated by the word “authority” in nearly all English versions of the Bible, it is not the same word as exousia, the word used for “authority” in many other passages in scripture. Let us look at the difference in these words.
one who with his own hands kills another or himself
one who acts on his own authority, autocratic
an absolute master, to govern, exercise dominion over one
power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases leave or permission,physical and mental power the ability or strength with which one is endued, which he either possesses or exercises
the power of authority (influence) and of right (privilege)
the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed) universally authority over mankind, specifically the power of judicial decisions of authority to manage domestic affairs,metonymically a thing subject to authority or rule, jurisdiction one who possesses authority, a ruler, a human magistrate,the leading and more powerful among created beings superior to man, spiritual potentates.a sign of the husband’s authority over his wife the veil with which propriety required a women to cover herself,the sign of regal authority, a crown
Now why do you think the word authenteo is used instead of the more common usages of exousia ? According to Gnostic teaching Eve was not deceived because she was the illuminator and all-wise mother goddess and was before man. Timothy corrects this false teaching by saying that only One is all-wise, and that is God Himself. So what Timothy was saying is this “I am not allowing(present tense for that situation) a woman to teach or to proclaim herself the originator of man (authenteo). Adam was formed first, then Eve.
This mother-goddess heresy and emerging Gnosticism in First and Second Timothy and Titus, makes it clear that Paul was bringing correction in 1 Timothy 2:11-15. He was correcting women who were teaching this heresy
If this scripture was meant universally rather than to a specific situation it would have been stated more in the rest of scriptures, and it was not. In actuality women did teach men and held significant places as leaders in the church (Acts 18:26;21:9; Rom. 16:1,3,7).
In the Old Testament, we find women teaching men. 2 kings 22:14; Proverbs 1:8;31:26; and Micah 6:4.
So we can see that women can teach men the scriptures but they are not to be over men in a superior position as the gnostic doctrine elevates women.
For more information about the eve goddess of wisdom heresy check out this link.
EXAMPLES OF WOMEN IN MINISTRY IN THE BIBLE
Paul’s letters examples of women teachers, evangelist, prophetesses, deacons, and apostles. Priscilla and her husband Aquilla, two of Paul’s “fellow-laborers” in the Gospel, instructed Apollos in the way of God according to Acts 18:24-26. Romans 16:3,” Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus.”
Huldah spoke a prophetic word to the king and the high priest regarding the interpretation of the Scriptures found in Deut. 29:25-27 which had been troubling the king. (II Kings 22:8-20, II Chron 34:14-28)
Mary (Lk. 1:46-56), who quoted several psalms and applied them to her divine pregnancy.
Timothy followed the faith of his grandmother Lois and his mother Eunice. Chapter 3:15 tells us that from childhood Timothy had learned the Scriptures. Taught by women.
One of the judges in the Old Testament was a woman. Judges 4:4,”Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, was judging Israel at that time. And she would sit under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the mountains of Ephraim. And the children of Israel came up to her for judgment. ”
“Deborah, a prophet, the wife of Lappidoth, was leading Israel at that time.” As both prophet and judge, Deborah exercised complete religious, political, judicial, and militaristic authority over the people of Israel.
The prophecy in Joel 2:28,” And it shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions.”
In Acts 2:17 Peter quoted the prophet Joel. Jesus Christ promised a Spirit. Peter and the apostles spoke on the day of Pentecost, and this is the day the Spirit came to believers.
“And I urge you also, true companion, help those women who labored with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the Book of Life.” Philippians 4:3
Women are no longer under the curse of the law which was to be in subjection to men.
“There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female for you are all one in Christ Jesus.” Galatians 3:28
If women are not set free in the Lord then why are the Jews and slaves? Think about it!
The prophet Micah identifies Miriam as one of the three leaders sent by God to bring Israel out of Egypt (Micah 6:4).
The Bible identifies ten female prophets in the Old and New Testaments: Miriam, Deborah, Huldah, Noadiah, Isaiah’s wife, Anna, and the four daughters of Philip. In addition, women like Rachel, Hannah, Abigail, Elisabeth, and Mary are described as having prophetic visions about the future of their children, the destiny of nations, and the coming Messiah.
Jesus unabashedly defies this tradition by teaching the Torah to women, perhaps most notably Mary of Bethany. The fact that Mary is described by Luke as “sitting at the feet of Jesus” clearly identifies her as a disciple. And when Martha challenges Mary to get back to the more traditional role of serving from the kitchen, Jesus gently admonishes Martha to allow her sister to stay put.
“Martha, Martha,” he said, “you are worried and upset about many things, but few things are needed or indeed only one. Mary has chosen what is better, and it will not be taken away from her.” This is one of many, many examples of Jesus defying social norms to welcome women into his ministry.
The Gospel writers often speak of two groups of disciples: the Twelve and the Women. The Twelve refer to the twelve Jewish men chosen by Jesus to be his closest companions and first apostles, symbolic of the twelve tribes of Israel. The Women refer to an unspecified number of female disciples who also followed Jesus, welcoming him into their homes, financing his ministry, and often teaching the Twelve through their acts of faithfulness and love. Just as Jesus predicted, most of the Twelve abandoned him at his death (John 16:32). But the women remained by his side—through his death, burial, and resurrection.
According to the gospels of Mark and Luke, Jesus cleansed Mary Magdalene of seven demons, after which she became a devoted disciple. She is mentioned by Luke in the same context as the Twelve as one who traveled with Jesus and helped finance his ministry. All four gospel accounts identify Mary Magdalene as among the first witnesses of the empty tomb. She is the one to breathlessly describes what she has seen to the male disciples, who initially discount her declaration, “I have seen the Lord!”, as the babblings of a foolish woman.
“Greet Andronicus and Junia,” Paul wrote in Romans 16:7, “my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was.” Junia is the first and only woman in Scripture to be explicitly identified as an apostle.
The masculine name Junias does not occur in a single inscription, letterhead, work of literature, or epitaph in the Greco-Roman world, while the feminine name Junia is everywhere. This name was deliberately changed by male bible interpreters with a bias towards women. To this day, one can find English translations of the Bible that turn the apostle Junia into a man.
For more info on this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junia
Romans 16:1-2, Paul writes, “I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon in the church in Cenchreae. I ask that you receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and give to her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me.”
Phoebe was one of many women in the early church to play an important role in directing the churches that met in their homes. Phoebe is not mentioned alongside a husband, so there’s a good chance she was single or a widow. She is identified as a deacon, which in the New Testament referred to a teacher and leader in the church, whether that person was a man or woman.
So, as you can see the bible makes it clear that women can teach the bible. To forbid women to preach and teach the gospel is sin. Bottom line.